In 1946 JL Nehru moved an objective resolution in the Constituent Assembly. The resolution mentioned the aspirations and values behind the Constitution. Based on this resolution our Constitution gives institutional expression to the fundamental commitments namely equality,liberty, democracy, sovereignty and secularism.
Main points of the Objectives Resolution are
-India is an independent, sovereign, Republic.
-India shall be a Union of erstwhile British Indian territories, Indian States. and other parts outside British India and Indian States as are willing to be a part of the Union.
-Territories forming the Union shall be autonomous units and exercise all powers and functions of the
Government and administration. Except those assigned to or vested in the Union.
-All powers and authority of sovereign and independent India and its constitution shall flow from the people
-All people of India shall be guaranteed and secured social, economic and political justice , equality of status and opportunities and equality before law and fundamental freedom of speech., Expression,Belief,faith,worship,vocati on, association and action subject to law and public morality.
-The minorities, backward and tribal areas, depressed and other backward classes shall be provided with adequate
– The territorial integrity of the Republic and its sovereign rights on land, sea and air shall be maintained
according to justice and law of civilized nations.
-The land would make full and willing contribution to the promotion of world peace and welfare of mankind.
Preamble of Constitution of India
WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC
and to secure to all its citizens
JUSTICE, Social, Economic and Political
LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faithand worship
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity
to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the
individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this
twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do
HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO
OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.